Update: Camp NaNo- No, no..

Hello Diary,

I know; that was a bad one, but, well…I had to. (It was too much an opportunity).

Long-time-no-post! So. I’m a gap year student; you know this, we know this, Diary and I (I should really name you, no?) – so. I’m ….in 2 days and several hours… to start Camp NaNoWriMo!

Hopefully that banner worked. Yay! Looking to edit (and therefore add to) my story from NaNoWriMo 2014!

Am excited because we get cabin buddies. Yes, cabin-peoples! It’s a cool feature; random or specified, too. Will let you know how that goes( in 2-3 days)..

Current Situation: Stuck in limbo with an exam I missed (oh no, yep- I missed an exam. Not on purpose)- if it’s to be rearranged or not. Excited at the prospect of lookit- WRITING AGAIN :D. And aching from exercise would be good because I felt accomplished- how’s aching because I’ve been sitting awhile..? Odd.

Finally, a bit of shameless self-promotion:

Novatora’s Wrath: The Deserter and the Synth Seal

First of the City Verse. (To be filled, but, essentially- a take on my concept of ninjas, in a fantasy world, roughly translated as a place where society developed differently shortly around the Industrial Revolution, before it kicked off- with a few, choice discoveries thrown in. Its set roughly about now, but another dimension. It’s YA, fantasy, adventure with hints of folklore origins -researched! So plenty to throw around, maybe enough to build a small series on. There are a few main characters and not from the same sides and some subplot developments.)

In the absence of light there is only darkness…but without the Darkness, you can not find or value the Light…
Join our three protagonists on their various roads through or into the Darkness encroaching. Remember- in a world where people are trained to use their bodies and expressions to lie better than their words, trust is too limited a commodity and the truth something only the dead can retain.

Keep happy,

Nami

The Psychology of: Addiction

The third in the MassivePost Revision Series- Psychology, again, Unit 4, AQA, A. Enjoy! It’s a work-in-progress so I will try and have it finished before tomorrow (my exam, hehe).

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A good way to begin to define what an addiction is, is to first differentiate it from a similar concept: what is a habit, and what is an addiction, for example. Can something that is a habit progress into an addiction? When do habits become addictions? Can addictions be controlled until mere habits? 

HABITS OR ADDICTIONS?: Eating sweets/mints and ice cream, watching TV programmes(Channel Surfing) and movies, completing crossword puzzles- all arguably pleasant behaviours. There are unpleasant ones, too: biting fingernails, itching cuts/abrasions when healing, biting your lip, hoarding objects, illegal drug use, prescription drugs, overeating, caffeine, slot machines and gambling. 

The key is control; a behaviour is classed as a habit when the person enacting it still has control. A behaviour becomes an addiction on a most basic level, when it is in an extreme form(e.g. obsession) as (the main point) there is a loss of control. This is mainly shown when the behaviour influences your day to day life. Another means of addiction, is when a person becomes ‘hooked’ onto a chemical substance(they can no longer function with out it. In some extremes a person who is ‘hooked’ onto a chemical substance or to a behaviour can become sick- the first, a physical illness of the body which in extremes can lead to shock or physical damage of the body as e.g. it may have become reliant on the input of the substances to function; the second, can cause emotional and mental damage which can be both easier or much more complex an issue to heal afterwards. 

-A good way to remember addiction is a matter of control (Self control, discipline or lack thereof):

“Control your bad habits, before they control you.”

A Other means of determining that something has progressed into addictive behaviour: -the significance of the detrimental affect on a person, the addictive behaviour is most likely to spawn from/as a method of coping with, for example, stress or as a form of escapism, -the person in question spends a lot of their day/time on enacting or thinking about the behaviour/obsession, -could see a decline in health or a number of health issues spring up due to the addiction directly or indirectly (e.g. someone addicted to drugs could develop a series of mental, behavioural and physical conditions as well as personality changes, whereas someone addicted to a branch of the internet e.g. blogs, could over/under eat, and so become obese or very thin/anorexic and or any other illnesses from insufficient nutrients- like anemia- and develop mental issues e.g. depression/anxiety/apathy possibly due to the change in appearance and treatment in response to these changes and not get enough sunlight.) and of course, finally, the first way mentioned -lack of control such as the (possibly extreme) behaviour influences the persons day to day life. 

“Addiction is the compulsive uncontrolled use of habit forming drugs”- Websters New International Dictionary.

Marlatt et al (’88): “A repetitive habit pattern that increases the risk of disease and/pr associated personal and social problems. Addictive behaviours are often experienced subjectively as a ‘loss of control’- the behaviour contrives to occur despite volitional attempts to abstain or moderate use.”- So addictions cannot, according to this definition regress back into habit, atleast not initially,- “These habit patterns are typically characterised by immediate gratification (short term rewards), often coupled with delayed deleterious effects(long term costs). Attempts to change an addictive behaviour(via treatment or self initiation/immolation) are typically marked with high relapse rates.” This is an OPERATIONALISED definition of addictive behaviour.

Bullet points from the explanatory jargon and the definition(second one) to consider when identifying an addiction: 

-lack of control (due to being…)

-(often) a means of coping with e.g. stress (which becomes or IS)

-extreme behaviour version (so…the next point happens)

-disruptive influences day-to-day life (which has..)

-negative consequences (disease/ill health body, mind/emotional duress; in life)

-lack of volition (even if you want to stop it’s hard; can relapse)

-repetitive behaviour

-dependency

-thinking about it all the time.

Addiction– an increasingly repetitive behaviour, to the point where it does harm(negative consequences, disruptive influence) of some form to your life; where you are dependent upon it and experience a lack of control. 

The difference between a habit and an addiction is that you can stop enacting your hobbies/passions if you need to or where appropriate(mostly), and addictions have negative connotations- effects on your life. For example: it may be a student’s passion to paint concept art, but when they need to stop to e.g revise for upcoming exams, it might make them unhappy but they can stop painting to do so. Whereas a person who is addicted would find the upcoming exams intrusive and if they managed to start revising, their need to paint would interfere (e.g. excessive breaks, thoughts are unfocused or distracted from revision topics, no concentration, efforts to revise inconsistent and infrequent and there also may be a significant delay from beginning).

Components of Addictive Behaviour: 

  • Salience- thinking about the addiction all the time; patterns develop(places/times), inverted(obsessed)
  • Mood modification- experience people report whilst carrying out addictive behaviour: makes you feel better/good (“highs”, “buzz”), acts as a stress-reliever or feel in control.
  • Tolerance- the addict has to have more and more for the same effects.
  • Withdrawal Symptoms- unpleasant feelings and physical effects that occur once behaviour is stopped(stages; replaces with something else, agitated manner, fidgets, becomes cranky.)
  • Relapse- When get into a stressful situation ( for e.g.), unable/feel you are unable to cope, so behaviour regresses to something you know is a given comfort: the addictive behaviour you had been fighting against recommitting. Barriers/Reservations fall.
  • Conflict(internal and sometimes, external if e.g. vocal)- the development of conflicts with people around them(the ‘addicts’  e.g. for substances), causing social misery and internal conflicts; they are re-addicted and not set on this new path(but are convinced they are because they ‘failed’ at stopping) so are aggressively defensive (overcompensating) towards others. At this stage can break/break down and attempt again after a period of time, or move onto next stage. 
  • Apathy- The continual choosing of ST pleasure and relief leads to disregard of adverse consequences and LT damage of self, so resolve has hardened, which in turn increases need (input) for substances/obsession (e.g.) as a coping strategy.

Factors affecting addictive behaviour 

  1. Personal vulnerability exps–> substance abuse by people displaying a  ‘rebellious’ personality trait or ‘less conventional attitudes’ McMurran, personality neuroticism, psychoticism, extraversion abuse drugs Eyesenck, also same with Teeson(alcohol, heroin, nicotine).
  2. Self Esteem
  3. Addictive personality
  4. individual differences.
  5. Attribution attitude(and theory of addiction) where explain behaviour of others to make sense of the world.  Theory enabled psys to show how use of word ‘addiction’ can promote irresponsibility (relapse/conflict/apathy), learned helplessness and passivity Preyde and Adams. Addict -lead to self-fulfilling prophecy fostering hopelessness, dependency and low self-efficacy. SO….What People Think About Addiction Is Important.
  6.  addiction availability Social Context: Addictions and Availability
  7. media effects The Media’s Influence/The Role of the Media in Addictive Behaviour
  8. advertising effects

Models of Addictive Behaviour

Disease model Disease model- changes in brain due to continued exposure to a substance. Suggests that addiction originates from a malady or disorder of the body such as a neurochemical imbalance. As such the individual has little control over the resultant addictive behaviour (e.g. same way an individual can control whether get measles or not)

Genetic Model- Suggests there is a genetic predisposition/disposition towards addictive behaviour. E.g. Known that if both parents smoke biggest risk factor for you too to become a smoker, but does this mean it’s a genetic predisposition or is it the environment influencing you (family)? Evidence higher incidence of specific genes with individuals exhibiting addictive behaviours.

Experiential model- Addictions much more temporary: depend on situational circumstances at present time than either previous two models suggest. Suggests people often move on/grow out of addictive behaviours as life situs change.

Moral Model- Suggests lack of character is key issue; weakness or moral failure is why an individual becomes addicted. Clearly to repent and develop moral strength is the only solution.

Key Terms: Susceptibility, operationalised

Approach Explanations of Addiction:  

Biological Approach to Addictive Behaviour: Neurotransmitters, Disease and Genetics

  • Neurotransmitters- Chemical transmitting messages between nerve cell gaps. If blocked/replaced, message changes and there is an effect on physiological systems and cognition, mood and behaviour. Commonly implicated is dopamine(“creativity hormone” makes you want to create, to have a buzz, unlike seratonin), Potenza(2001). Not just chemical addictions, also implicated in behaviours such as gambling- behaviours e.g. gambling and gaining(Comings et al 96, Koepp et al 96).
  • Genetics Until recently main way to study genetic factors through studying family relationships. Recently genetic analysis allows study to find differences between genetic structures of people with or without addictive behaviours. Different answers. Family studies environmental influences on development of ABs: MZ (monozygotic twins- identical) and DZ (dizyotic- fraternal) Twin studies(Agraval and Lynskey 08), and family studies(Han et al 99- est. contribution of genetic and environmental factors towards substance abuse in adolescents, concluded that behaviour of substance use out of over 300 MZ and just under 200 DZ twins was due to environmental influences rather than genetics). However, Personality Traits(Jang 2000) -some family studies, involved 300+ MZ and DZ twins, looked at connection between -specifically- alcohol abuse and personality. Showed that there is a connection b’tween genetics and antisocial personality traits(inc. attention seeking, not following social norms and violence); these personality characteristics and alcoholism. Similar findings for behavioural addictions -gambling, Comings.   EVALUATIVE POINT: Slutske(10, pronounced: sl-tsKa)- perfect storm eval Addiction for right conditions- has the genetic predisposition, but also the right social situation for addiction.
  • nature vs. nurture, argues that addicts born with and predisposed/vulnerable to certain conditions(addictions), chromosome 18&19 associated (not clear cut however, to get addictions) doesn’t mean will get addicted. (Sarafino 90)- children of alcoholic parents 4 times more likely to develop drinking issues themselves.

Brain Structure- PET scans, autopsies, Corsakoffs Syndrome, Neurotransmitters

  • Reinforcement – overlaps with the behavioural approach. Positive(rewards), negative(punishments), aversive therapy (negative e.g.) Something that will increase the chance of the behaviour occurring again. Learned associations, classical or operant conditioning

An EvaluationEVALUATIVE POINT: Slutske(10, pronounced: sl-tsKa)- perfect storm eval Addiction for right conditions- has the genetic predisposition, but also the right social situation for addiction. Agraval (08)….  DRD2(Dopamine D2 respond to antipsychotic. + Help exp susceptibility  -neurotransmitter’s effects not properly understood. -Interaction with social context is neglected(unlike with cognitive approach exp) -Genotypes not whole story; reductionist explanation, over-simplified. 

Cognitive Approach:  Self-medication, Irrational Thinking, Rational Choice Theory and Expectancy theories:  GAMBLING EXAMPLE

Cognitive focus on FAULTY THINKING processes, particularily during the maintenance phase of addiction. Assumed that we all have the potential to develop an addiction but the faulty thinking is what allows for development. It is assumed there are three stages for development of addictive behaviour: initiation, maintenance and relapse.  The cognitive approach provides understanding for behavioural addictions more so than organic (chemical) ones. (this model’s basic assumption is that a person’s thoughts are responsible for their behaviour. As such, deals with how information is processed in the brain and the IMPACT it has on behaviour; the individual? Is an ACTIVE PROCESSOR of information. How a person perceives, anticipates and evaluates events rather than the events themselves which have an impact on behaviour is where the cognitive approaches interest lies)

Faulty thinking and Irrational Biases= Irrational Thinking. 

  • Faulty thinking:the cognitive approach focuses on the way we process information. According to this approach addictive behaviour is the result of ‘bad judgements’, with gambling for example, people think they will win despite odds being against them. Associated in those who believe in luck. 
  • Irrational Biases (Griffiths 94): gambling is maintained through irrational beliefs despite odds for gambling. 
  • Heuristics: “rule of thumb”- A term used to describe how gamblers justify their behaviours. Hindsight bias justifies that they know what was going to happen, flexible attribution means attribute winnings as own skill and losses to ‘other’ factors. Gamblers only focus on winnings and not losses- frequency bias. Heuristics: Usual common sense. Follow something to get from A-B, follow set steps. 

KEY CASE: Gamblers’ irrational Cognitive Biases (Griffith 94)

An Evaluation: +help exp individual differences, -irrationality erratic predictor of addictive behaviour, -cognitive exps may be limited to particular addictions, -experiential factors may play a role, -skill perception varies across individuals, -need to control variations in percieved skill. 

Self Medication(Gelkopf): individuals intentionally use drugs to treat psychological symptoms that ail them.

Initiation: drug not random, perceived as helpful to cure ailment. Therefore initiation of drug use, and choice of drug, depends on the specific affect the individual desires. Drug may not make ailment better, it only needs to be judged as doing so by the individual to become an addiction.

E.G. drug: Alcohol, ailment: anxiety, affect: lessens inhibitions increases confidence, chosen: help individual overcome anxiety. Another example for why a drug was chosen is that they appear to control aggressive urges(violent or urges that are very strong?) or stress-relief. 

Maintenance and relapse: Cohen and Lichtenstein 90- smokers reason is stress-relief, but reports show smokers as more stressed than non-smokers, and once they stop stress levels decrease. These rise again when they relapse.  Parrott 98- reason for this paradox is that each cigarette has an acute (ST) effect on the stress as relieves withdrawal symptoms which arise when a smoker can’t smoke however there is a chronic (LT) effect from smoking which increases stress. So a build-up effect. 

Behavioural (Learning Theory) Explanations for Addictive Behaviour

  • Operant conditioning
  • susceptibility

An Evaluation: +help explain individual differences, -neither conditioning exps is sufficient on its own simplistic, -findings contrary to operant theory, -operant exps are not equally successful -learning theories can not stand in isolation(good and bad: ecclectic approach?) 

( EXTRA: The Multi-model ECCLECTIC approach p.449-451)

An Overarching Evaluation of all aformentioned approaches  

Specific Addictions:

  • Smoking
  • Gambling

Prevention

Therapies

Aversion therapy

rehab

CBT

group communities

self help

Let’s Learn About: Schizophrenia

Hi everyone   anyone who may stumble upon this, 

This is a revision post -one of several, hopefully- for Psychology (AQA, A Unit 4). It is also a work-in-progress. The topic this post is: 

Schizophrenia

I hope to cover: classification system differences between the UK and US, types and characteristics, Diagnosis Issues, Explanations: the biological approaches (genetic, biochemical and neuroanatomical) & psychological approach( psychological/cognitive)  and Therapies: Biological(drug), Psychological (family intervention or therapy, social skills training and CBT).  There will probably also be ethical issues and I’ll try and include a graph for case studies/research support/opposition somewhere in here too. 

Oh, and just so you know– this is by no means a difinitive, fully explanatory post, the information here is merely comprehensive and for the purpose of an exam, so whilst it is somewhat factual, it could in fact, be out-dated(it’s in a textbook- consider time allotments for researching, writing, editing in/out bits or simplifying, multiply that, and then publication and distribution. Then think of all the other books possibly selected at first, instead and any revisions made in response to the market. Since then, stuffs been built on, eradicated and/or lessened in value, and not to mention: groundbreaking research and the entire process studies/psychological research as a whole has to go through in the UK -so already what’s available here could be finite-and presumably other places.), inaccurate(e.g.simplified for understanding at the A-Level standard, as compared to say university standards- or for someone who has/is Schizophrenic; like in the UK, science is overly simplified so that it can be ‘drip fed’ as students get older. Looking back, a crap tonne of it is not only simplified, but wrong. Completely wrong. But for the purpose it fit. Like that, possibly could be this. So. Whilst it is somewhat factual… (and I’d be ever so pleased you’d consider reading this)…be careful, yeah? Use your common sense- and research!- before doing something crazy with this knowledge. And blaming me the source AQA. Ehem. )

P.S: This is a massive post!

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Schizo = split

Phren= mind

Alogia (Key Term): word salad. Someone thinks that what they are saying makes sense, but it does not.

Loose Association- not quite as confused as Alogia; appear ‘random’ when conversing in topics. Conversation only seems randomly flowing because we miss the in-between parts linking one topic to another (the thought process is internal), so what is said out loud is linked to the previous topic, but feebly/vaguely.

Clang association- Speaking in rhyme.

DSM-IV and ICD-10: classification bibles of the UK and US in terms of mental illnesses (definitions, so thereby what constitutes…so symptoms). Enable classification and aid in it/standardising it.

Positive Symptoms- Something has been ADDED that was not there before (in behaviour for example: delusions, hallucinations, anything bizarre in behaviour)

Negative Symptoms: Something has DISAPPEARED that was there( e.g. absence of emotion and motivation, language defects- alogia, because they were not present before any skill was LOST).

Passivity experiences: is another term for thought disruptions because of the lack of control of thought insertion, withdrawal or broadcasting by external forces and can also be used to explain the person under this delusions behaviour (cold/impassive/passive) change.

Clinical Characteristics

First Rank Symptoms : 

In Britain, diagnosis relies on these (Schneider 59)

  1. Passivity experiences and Thought disruptions(thought insertion/withdrawal/broadcasting: under external control, removed or made known to others -the last is also a delusion.) EXTERNAL FORCES such as possibly aliens, communists/capitalists or government are thought by the person to be done to them, through e.g. a special ray, radio transmitter or tech. Passivity experiences is another term for these thought disruptions because of the lack of control. The person could be exhibiting a cold temperament when usually hotheaded, or be totally passive.
  2. Hallucinations(any sense- auditory, somotosensory, visual and olfactory- would get you a diagnosis with this clinical characteristic/First Rank Symptom)- perceptions of a stimuli that is not present and can occur via any sensory modality.
  3. Primary(Main) Delusions

Thought Process Order

Disturbances Effect

Psychomotor disorders

Lack of Volition

Paranoia

Disorganised speech (aforementioned: alogia, loose or clang association),

grossly disorganised behaviour

catatonic behaviour

negative symptoms(something has dissappeared that was there in behaviour)

TYPES:

  • Simple
  • Paranoid
  • Catatonic
  • Disorganised
  • Un/Indifferentiated
  • Residual
  • Hebephrenic

Living with Schizophrenia

No one sits down with them(medication), and says you could be getting there side effects -so they stop having medicines because of these unprecedented effects(but don’t know) or they don’t know they’re experiencing the side effects. 

this is only one aspect.

Psychological development 20% of New Zealand Schizophrenics kill themselves in the first 5 years of diagnosis. Cognitive symptoms: e.g. don’t know why not working at job, at school studying an it doesn’t have to be a big issue (e.g. if you has a window open or a document or a page in front of you and the borders had numbers or letters on the edges, and you were Schizophrenic, you would have trouble filtering those out of your work.)

Quick Question

Do Dementors drink? 

Now, now here me out; I think that we’ve all had enough time now (Oh, and SPOILERS for anyone who hasnt yet read the books by J K Rowling or watched the Harry Potter Films, particularily the third movie ‘Prisoner of Azkaban’.

Again. SPOILERS, PEOPLE.

Right, so hear me out- We’ve all had enough time to get over the godfather ‘betrayal’ revelation and seeing (or hearing) Harry crying and his outburst of fury. And the later realisations (like Harry could have been raised away from the Dursleys.) To notice that in Book three, Movie three: Madam Rosmerta complains to Fudge about how the Ministry keeps sending Dementors into her pub “every night”. But seriously -no pun-, why? Why a pub..? Like how people go there to drink. And eat.

So…Do they drink? Or eat anything other than souls?

A Call On Advice, A Pre-Post(Rant)uh: on Authority Figures abusing Power (and students)

Hi guys!

This is a very very quick update so that I can start researching and then post that on here.

So today started a bit down, and then went brilliant- I am still bubbling with happiness deep (DEEP) down inside, but it’s all shielded off- because I’m cross. No, I am angry. But in a go get ’em, let’s FIX this sort of way.

Why?

The level of abuse- because it has accumulated and become this- in my brothers school, is disgusting. I can say that the teachers there? Save maybe one, are scum. Including the headmistress. The methodology of the staff, academics (or lack thereof) and attitudes and treatments is…despicable. Like, I think it has gotten to the point where everyone should be sacked.

Everyone. Sacked, fired, replaced- you name it. It’s not like there’s a lack of new educators in the field here in the UK or anything.

It is that bad. Maybe I should clarify a few things- this ‘school’ I speak of, is not a mainstream or private school, it is a specialist school. For Special Needs. Anyone who has children or family members knows how hard it can be to find a place that is supposed to accommodate the children and help them learnkey skills (that they as staff were taught at Uni or College) and techniques as a side to their education to eventually cope in the world and everyday life.

It is supposed to be safe. The staff are- I dont even know where to begin. It’s like (as I spoke to a friend -a mother of a child who goes/went there) the staff all went someplace and caught stupid. They are malicious, negligent, scheming, negative, abusive, miscommunicating-on-purpose, inappropriate, danger-provoking, blasphemous, prejudiced bags of scum. I am going to do my best to make a case to take them down (and no, we are not keeping my little brother in that school- but by God, those people are not going to get away with staying as they are- and I know there’s an option where all the children if their parents think it’s so bad, can just move away- but think: some parents dont know, some dont care, some are desperate and or poor -e.g. have children who are ‘low functioning’ or have low self-esteem: think conformity, giving in to authority figures -I will post some psychology stuff up on that, by the way it’s A2 material. So it would worse case of this, have all the informed parents with higher functioning kids, pulling out their children this time, the school abomination still standing, leaving the lower funct kids at the now incensed already borderline midground abusive staff AND the new batch of kids would still be coming in to find out for themselves. Or that kid who brings in a knife will actually manage to stab someone this time. ).

God, help these children. I think some detective work is in order- and a case file to be built.

So, my last post was about Law and whether I would have the will to do it? It looks like I’ve got a case to build. Wow. Before even going to university!

I am researching and ofsted will get some letters (but one point here- the school didnt inform parents ofsted was coming so that the ones with time -or who made time because it is so bad-

Worse comes to worse? I think I’ll go to the papers.

Sad thing is my exams start next month…so…it’s going to be tough.

So, any thoughts on where to start on this?

How Can I Get Comfortable With Who I Am?

tenshii7:

This is going into the feel-good advice section on my blog.

..Oh? I don’t have one? Well I will have to make one.

Originally posted on Thought Catalog:

Flickr / Maria MorriFlickr / Maria Morri

Hi Laura, 

I’m Courtney, from Australia but not born here. I wanted to sort of ask you how you’re so comfortable with yourself and your decisions? I’m the complete opposite. I question myself with everything I do, (I’m a teenager so I understand it comes with the territory) and it gives me really low self-esteem. 

I’ve never really thought of myself as having a story, even though I’m a massive fan of books and music, and they are both full of stories.

Sorry, I’m sure you get a lot of stuff like this, I’m just curious :)

Thank you :)

Xo

***

Courtney,

Listen to me when I say: you, darling, incredible, open, truth-seeking warrior, are fucking awesome. Every single thing you do, every single day: that is your story. Your story is who you say hello to on the way to the school bus…

View original 521 more words

The Host of Lesson Quotes Post: Liking the quotes- some good advice..

http://www.buzzfeed.com/jarrylee/books-will-always-be-there-for-you#.gdLN40VWN

A bit of fun and a good read for the anxious mind (mildly anxious, mind you).

…There are some really good quotes on here, ohmygoshness.

(Shall I post them here, edited already so you only have to see this post- and the link as a reference…? Mayhaps!)

The Host of Lesson Quotes Post, Below

(is from ‘BUZZFEED’ and collected by Jarry Lee -Not mine people. Just sharing!) 

2. From Exit to Eden by Anne Rice:
“Like what you like, love who you love, and understand that being different doesn’t make you undeserving or incapable of love.”
Suggested by Krysti L. S., via Facebook

3. From Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut:
“Accept that things happen. It may not be for a reason, and you may have no control over it, but the first step to getting through it is accepting what it is.”
Suggested by askfix1994

4. From Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen and Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë:
“Don’t be scared because you don’t have all the answers right away. You will learn through your experiences and find your own way to happiness. Don’t rely on others to tell you how to be happy or what makes a good life. It’s up to you to follow your heart and find happiness from there.”
Suggested by Caitlin R., via Facebook

5. From the A Series of Unfortunate Events series by Lemony Snicket:
“Being lonely is OK, and not everyone has to like you. You can’t always rely on people.”
Suggested by didelwo97

—-

7. From The Giver by Lois Lowry:
“Even though change and strife can be terrifying, the beauty of choice and love always outweighs the pain.”
Suggested by Hannah S., via Facebook

8. From The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas:
“It’s never too late to turn your life in a completely new direction, and there is huge importance in just one day.”
Suggested by thesmallone

9. From The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde:
“Let go of your past, but don’t pretend that it never happened.”
Suggested by mlmlml3

10. From The Truth About Forever by Sarah Dessen:
“Accept things as they are. Life isn’t about living in the past or living for the future. It’s about living in the now.”
Suggested by meganelisew2

11. From The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien:
“Never deny yourself an experience just because it’s unknown or uncomfortable — it may just be a defining and wonderful part of your life.”
Suggested by patrickdavidconstantineh

13. From The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald:
“Changing yourself into someone that is completely different from who you are doesn’t lead to anything good. If someone loves you then they should love everything about you, including flaws. Love is about so much more than the superficial things. Be and love yourself.”
Suggested by Allison L., via Facebook

14. From Number the Stars by Lois Lowry:
“Good people can make a difference and help to alleviate profound suffering just with simple acts of compassion.”
Suggested by Larissa C., via Facebook

15. From the Divergent trilogy by Veronica Roth and the Hunger Games trilogy by Suzanne Collins:
“You have to fight for what you believe in. Even if you’re the underdog, keep fighting and you can conquer.”
Suggested by arcoops

16. From The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien:
“Even small creatures can change the world’s destiny.”
Suggested by alexanders4a75cb24e

17. From The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo by Stieg Larsson:
“Heroes come in all shapes and sizes, even those who don’t consider themselves heroes.”
Suggested by KT W., via Facebook

This is true- personally, find this resonates with me.

This is true- personally, find this resonates with me.

19. From Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery:
“There is magic and beauty in this world everywhere you look — just as long as you look for it. Never lose the whimsical notions that come so easily to us as children, yet flee once we age. Stay positive, fight for your friendships and never be afraid to try on different personae — you might find one you like.”
Suggested by kaitlinw48e1a1710

20. From the His Dark Materials trilogy by Philip Pullman:
“Life is brutal and will break your heart, and you just have to be brave and do the best you can.”
Suggested by kristinar43a8c8c11

21. From The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank:
“Having a strong imagination in your darkest hour can bring out hidden strengths you never thought you had.”
Suggested by colleend9

22. From Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë:
“Listen to your conscience and do the right thing, no matter the cost. You can’t put a price on self-respect. Follow your heart. Things may not always work out the way you’d like, but if you live according to your principles, they will work out.”
Suggested by Lynn M., via Facebook

23. From Looking For Alaska by John Green:
“There is something special about you that cannot be physically measured or duplicated.”
Suggested by baileyl4d00857da

(Got shivers on my arms- and those goosebumps)

These are called ‘Bleeding Hearts’.

All off of Google; may have gone a little too far..

All off of Google; may have gone a little too far..

Image4 POST Image5 POST Image6 POST

25. From Watership Down by Richard Adams:
“Bravery isn’t always lack of fear; sometimes it’s a culmination of small risks you take every day just to survive. To live is to be courageous, to believe in yourself is bold. Your willingness to confront danger despite your fears in a world that seems to be forever against you is all that matters.”
Suggested by carolinev6

26. From the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling:
“With love, friendship, and family (whether they’re still with us, or not), we can get through anything.”
Suggested by Tatiana H., via Facebook

27. From City of Thieves by David Benioff:
“The best people — the ones who change your life — might not be around for as long as you’d like. Appreciate those people and cherish the moments you have together.”
Suggested by rawpups

28. From Tuesdays With Morrie by Mitch Albom:
“It’s important to learn as much as you can from those you respect most. It’s those people who will help shape you into the person you want to be.”
Suggested by jessical44f9fda63

29. From the Hunger Games trilogy by Suzanne Collins:
“Family is always the most important thing.”
Suggested by shannonl427381bb2

Image4 POST

31. From The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger and A Separate Peace by John Knowles:
“Society always tells us that we must be perfect or that we must fit into this mold to be important, but the characters in these books taught me that being imperfect and making mistakes is so much more important and by continuously trying to fit into this perfect version of ourselves, we will only hurt ourselves.”
Suggested by faithy6731

32. From The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald:
“You can’t change the past, and what’s been lost in the past cannot be regained. You can’t dwell on what’s happened in the past because it will destroy you.”
Suggested by latulacolborn

33. From the Maze Runner trilogy by James Dashner:
“Be loyal to those you believe in and never stop fighting until the end.”
Suggested by rouge714212

34. From The Fault in Our Stars by John Green:
“Live your life to the fullest and appreciate the world you live in because you can never know when it will be taken away from you.”
Suggested by luvziggler2

35. From Tuesdays With Morrie by Mitch Albom:
“Your love leaves a legacy; your love continues on even after you die, so in a sense you’re never truly dead if you live a life full of love.”

ima1

(obviously. Just reiterating! And I got bored- so this is different)

(obviously. Just reiterating! And I got bored- so this is different)

37. From To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee:
“Reputations are not always true and things aren’t necessarily what they might seem.”
Suggested by bridgduggan

38. From the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling:
“Love is a powerful force to be reckoned with. Love lives on even after people we care for are gone and it compels us to do things that are hard. Love is found from many different people, whether it’s family, friends, mentors, etc. and sometimes can be found from the people you’d least expect.”
Suggested by Annie B., via Facebook

39. From Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë:
“Love not in spite of, but BECAUSE of flaws (which applies both to loving yourself and others).”
Suggested by Samantha P., via Facebook

40. From One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez:
“The spectrum that love, sex, and desire fall on is as infinite as the spectrum between reality and magic.”
Suggested by annat4b236c360

41. From The Book Thief by Markus Zusak:
“Words are valuable and insanely powerful. Words can be used for both good and evil and they should never be used lightly.”
Suggested by racheld4f0592870

I Used To Think I Was A Real-Life Hero. Now, I Am Afraid Of What I Am Becoming.

tenshii7:

Oh my gosh- ANOTHER GOOD POST TO READ, PEOPLE. Same thematics as before present!

Originally posted on Thought Catalog:

Flickr / Hartwig HKDFlickr / Hartwig HKD

There is a question that every teenager is faced with, but no one can answer. Most grow out of trying, but I never did. No matter how old I get, how many responsibilities occupy me, nor how inconsequential the answer may be, I find myself constantly faced with the question: Who am I?

What began as a snowflake of doubt has suddenly collapsed into an avalanche of guilt, and regret. And fear. Yet there is no one I am more afraid of than myself, because I cannot tell whether I am ill, or divine. There is only room for one being to claim ownership of everything: Me or God. This seemed like a novel little idea to me when I was eighteen, but over the course of the last five years it has come to dominate everything that I am.

I used to think that I…

View original 1,215 more words

Reblog: The call to your own true adventure

Hi.

So, I put this in ‘explanatory’ and for once, it’s something someone else has posted because -well, have a read for yourself..

The call to your own true adventure.

This is beautiful – Beautifully put, but also because it really hits the hammer on the head for my own situation crossroads.

So I’m reblogging this because I think it genuinely is something good to read and think about- this is what we are spending the rest of our lives (or a significant portion of it) doing. At least for me, it is.

It struck a cord within me, did it with you?

Feeling fired up inside and resolute,

Nami

Signing out!